Heart Failure (HF) is a common disease affecting approximately 5 million adult Americans.1-3 The likelihood of developing HF increases with age and is greater in men. The 5-year mortality rate is remarkably high at 50%, and nearly 300,000 deaths annually are directly attributable to HF.1,3 HF creates a significant economic burden on the healthcare system; in 2012,direct medical costs were approximately $21 billion. Despite advances in therapy over the past few decades, the prevalence of HF is expected to rise to over 8 million by 2030.
Role of the Community Practitioner
Approximately 1 out of every 4 patients hospitalized for HF is readmitted within 30 days.5,6 Readmission accounts for a significant portion of HF costs and is linked with decreased survival.3 Pharmacists and nurses can play an important role during transitions of care (eg, from hospital to home) by providing medication reconciliation and patient education, which can help reduce hospital readmissions.7 Pharmacists in community practice should reinforce discharge instructions through medication counseling and lifestyle modification support.
- Pharmacists, Nurse Practitioners, Clinical Nurse Specialists, and Registered Nurses
This CE activity was developed by The Rx Consultant, a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc.
CE activities for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians:
This continuing education (CE) activity meets the requirements of all state boards of pharmacy for approved continuing education hours. CE credit is automatically reported to CPE Monitor.
CE activities for Nurse Practitioners and Clinical Nurse Specialists:
This continuing education activity meets the requirements of:
The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) for formally approved continuing education (CE) hours, and CE hours of pharmacotherapeutics.
The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Program (AANPCP) for acceptable, accredited CE.
This is a pharmacotherapeutics/pharmacology CE activity.
Continuing Education Network, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.
Requirements for CE Credit
To receive CE credit, the participant must read the monograph in its entirety, complete the online post-test and receive a score of 70% or greater, and complete the online evaluation.
Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians -
Be sure your profile has been updated with your NAPB e-profile # and birth date information BEFORE completing the online evaluation, or your credits cannot be reported to CPE Monitor.
Continuing pharmacy education credit is automatically reported to CPE Monitor once the post-test & evaluation are successfully completed.
- Describe the types of heart failure according to ejection fraction, ACCF/AHA stage, and NYHA functional class. List heart failure causes and risk factors.
- Name the major classes of heart failure medications and list the agent(s) in each class. Review their indications/role in therapy, dosing, adverse effects, and monitoring recommendations.
- Counsel patients about heart failure, including signs and symptoms and recommended lifestyle changes.
Diana X. Cao, PharmD, BCPS
Brief Bio : Diana X. Cao, PharmD, BCPS is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Pharmacy Practice at Loma Linda University School of Pharmacy. Dr. Cao's practice area is cardiology.
Disclosure : Dr. Cao reports no financial or personal relationship with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing a product or service that appears in this issue.
Release Date: Oct 23, 2015
Credit Expiration Date: Oct 23, 2018
The CE Activity developed by The Rx Consultant